Blood and Marrow Transplantation is used to treat some cancer like leukaemia's, Lymphomas and some Non-cancerous Diseases like thalassaemia.
Bone marrow is responsible for producing white blood cells Red blood cells and platelets.
Bone marrow is found inside our bones, and is responsible to make blood.
There are two main type of Transplant – Autologous and Allogenic.
In this bone marrow or stem cells used for the transplant are of the patient's himself/herself. Before initiating the treatment, some bone marrow or peripheral blood stem cells is taken and when the treatment is over, the bone marrow or stem cells are given back through a vein.
Allogeneic Transplant:In this type of transplant, bone marrow is donated by someone else is used. It is essential that the donor's tissue matches. The most suitable donor is usually a close relative, most commonly a brother or sister.
Rarely, Parents can also be the source for haploidentical transplants. It is also possible to get a good match from an unrelated donor from international registries. Umblical cord blood stem cells from public cord banks is also available in India.