Human natural fertility is influenced by many factors. Broadly speaking, they can be genetically determined, while others may be environmental or related to lifestyle, and thus able to be modified. Female reproductive function starts to decline many years prior to menopause despite regular menstrual cycles. We are born with a finite number of oocytes (eggs) in our ovaries, and these are depleted with age. When the woman hits the 35 age mark the infertility becomes more common. If you are over 35 years old, it is recommended that you seek help of the fertility treatment hospitals in Delhi if pregnancy is not achieved after 6 months. Those under 35 years of age may want to speak with a reproductive endocrinologist if they have been trying to become pregnant for one year with no success. There are a number of factors that may increase the risk of losing ovarian function earlier than expected. Some of the common causes are:

·        smoking,

·        family history of premature ovarian failure

·        Previous ovarian surgery.

The effect of age is not as pronounced in men, but there is an increased risk of certain genetic diseases and possibly autism for children conceived by men over 50 years of age.

Weight

 Weight can be an important factor in determining one’s fertility. Both extremes, underweight and overweight, may contribute to ovulatory dysfunction and infertility. A body mass index of 25-29.9 is considered overweight, while a BMI of 30 and greater points at obesity. Body Mass Index or BMI is calculated as BMI = weight in kilograms / height in meters squared. A weight loss of only 5-10% body weight may significantly improve ovulation and pregnancy rates. Obesity has been implicated in increased risk of miscarriage and reduced success with fertility treatments. Pregnancy risks associated with obesity include an increased risk of high blood pressure, diabetes, birth defects and Cesarean section. Obese men have also been shown to have poorer semen quality.

Caffeine

Excessive coffee consumption has been linked to an increased risk of miscarriage in some studies. As a result, some recommend limiting coffee to 1-2 cups per day.

Drugs

Drugs such as marijuana and cocaine can reduce a man’s fertility. In addition, anything that increases the temperature around the testicles is thought to reduce fertility, (i.e. tight pants, saunas, hot baths).

Intercourse

Based on daily lifestyle, the fertility treatment hospitals have come to a conclusion that regular intercourse can play a big part in hastening fertility in either of the sexes (2 to 7 times/week). The reason being that prolonged abstinence (less than once per month) may reduce the likelihood of pregnancy by reducing sperm count.

Vitamins

Research have shown that taking a prenatal vitamin significantly reduced the risk of a number of birth defects, and it is also suggested that consuming a multivitamin containing folic acid for all women of childbearing age is also a healthy step forward. For men, Vitamin C (500mg-1g/day), Vitamin E (400 IU/day) and selenium (200mcg/day) may help improve motility and multi-vitamin containing zinc (20mg) may help in sperm production. Folic acid (1mg/day) is also recommended.

Medications

 

Some prescribed medications may be linked to infertility. It is important to discuss all medications, prescription with the specialists and physicians at the fertility treatment hospitals In India. To add greater amount of healthy habits, start your day with regular exercise, stress reduction and a well-balanced diet. Be sure to avoid smoking and excessive alcohol as it can help in the creation of the best scenario of a healthy and successful pregnancy.