Laparoscopic surgery or "minimally invasive" surgery is a relatively recent type of surgical procedure that involves accessing the anatomy of the human body through instruments to diagnose and treat diseases. It is used especially in gynecological and intestinal surgeries by laparoscopic surgery hospitals.
In contrast, open surgery is a conventional procedure in which the anatomy of the human body is accessed through an incision in the skin large enough to expose a complete view of the organs.
Laparoscopic surgery uses minute incisions in the epidermal layer (usually less than 1 cm). Through them, a tubular camera called a laparoscope and other surgical instruments are introduced that allow professionals to see through a screen what is inside the abdomen.
At the start of the procedure, the abdomen is inflated with a gas called carbon dioxide to provide the surgeon with a working space and visibility. The instruments have an elongated shape adapted to fit through these small incisions and obtain the same results as with open surgery.
What are the advantages of laparoscopic surgery over open surgery?
Compared to traditional open surgery, patients feel less pain after surgery, making recovery faster. There are also fewer complications related to wound healing as it uses very small incisions and it is more difficult for them to become infected, open or bleed.
Laparoscopic surgery hospitals in Delhi hire professional experts to improve the quality life of patients. This is not possible without the introduction of technologies that allow minimally invasive surgeries to be performed. Laparoscopy currently represents the minimum invasion in gynecological surgery in an integral way.
In addition, laparoscopy allows surgeons to visualize tissues and organs that were previously impossible to see with such precision and clarity, which makes the surgery clean and with little bleeding.
Is laparoscopic surgery safe?
Laparoscopic surgery is as safe as traditional open surgery in the hands of a skilled surgeon. All open and laparoscopic surgery involves a certain risk of complications related to anesthesia, bleeding or infection. The risk of any operation is partly determined by the nature of the surgery itself (if part or all of an organ needs to be removed if you are a cancer patient or not) but it also influences the person's general health.
Any surgery, simple as it may seem, can be complicated, so it is important to determine the surgical risk of each person well and perform surgery when it is indicated.
Can everything be operated by laparoscopy?
Unfortunately, not. There are diseases, especially cancers, which due to their extension do not allow the correct study and treatment of certain areas unattainable for laparoscopy. In these cases, open surgery is used by laparoscopic hospitals in India. At other times of benign diseases due to the size of the disease, it generates problems to extract it from the abdomen through those small incisions and they are also solved by open surgery.
For all the reasons explained above, laparoscopy has become the approach of choice whenever possible.