When it comes to cardiovascular disease, men and women are not equal. The risks of developing a problem are indeed higher among men. But beyond this controversial inequality, specifically female risks exist. Discover them to avoid them better!
Because they appear on an average ten years later in women than in men, it has long been believed that fair sex spared by cardiovascular problems.
General risk factors
When in excess, cholesterol can be deposited on the walls of the arteries, forming fatty plaques that can thicken over time (atheroma plaques). If the caliber of the arteries is reduced, the blood circulates worse, and clots can form (risk of angina pectoris, sudden death, stroke, etc.). One can visit cardiac treatment hospitals in India to get 360-degree heart care services.
Blood pressure is the pressure that the heart has to exert to propel the blood throughout the body. When blood pressure is too high, it results in hypertension. Just like cholesterol, all the arteries are reached. The deposition of fat on their wall is favored, and the prematurely tired heart can become less efficient leading to a heart attack.
Just like other muscles, the heart needs regular training to be in top form. In the absence of regular exercise, it will lose power and recover less quickly. Thus, in fighting against the sedentary lifestyle, you forge a heart foolproof.
Blood pressure increases with weight. According to heart treatment hospitals in Delhi, there is three times more hypertension in obese people. The risks of atheroma are logically increased: the fat is deposited more easily on the walls of the arteries. This increases the risk of myocardial infarction, angina, and stroke. Venous risks (phlebitis, pulmonary embolism) are also more numerous. Finally, obese people often suffer from hypercholesterolemia. This excess is a factor which increases cardiac risk.
The complications of diabetes are many, but the increased cardiovascular risk is not the slightest. One-third of heart attacks occur due to diabetics! In detail, the cardiovascular risk is multiplied by 2.5 in humans. More surprisingly, it is multiplied by more than 3 in women.
Female risk factors
ATHEROSCLEROSIS AND HORMONES
Lack of estrogen that occurs after menopause is the primary risk factor. Thus, one would be tempted to think that hormone replacement therapy (HRT) could reduce the number of coronary heart disease in postmenopausal women, as well as problems of recurrence.
According to heart treatment hospitals, women who experience early menopause (because of operation) are at higher risk than women with natural or late menopause.
Smoking is undoubtedly the most critical cardiac risk factor. Carbon monoxide replaces oxygen carried in the blood and promotes cholesterol deposits on the artery walls. Nicotine increases blood pressure, lowers good cholesterol and promotes clot formation. In women, its association with the pill represents a cocktail of the most dangerous. The cigarette and pill combination lead to a ten-fold increase in the risk of thrombosis!
In addition, smoking causes a decrease in the level of good cholesterol (HDL Cholesterol) which can be considered as a natural protective element.
Prevention remains the key to the fight against cardiovascular disease. Apart from heredity, sex, and age, the main risk factors are modifiable and are therefore those on which prevention can act: cholesterol, high blood pressure, tobacco, and sedentary lifestyle. If you are overweight or obese, losing a few pounds will also reduce your heart risk.