The spine in scientific terminology, is an essential part of human anatomy. It is also a complex architecture, made of structures that are both bone, ligament and articular as well as muscular and nervous. The spine itself is composed of parts called vertebrae, divided into five segments:

•        Cervical;
•        Dorsal, or thoracic;
•        Lumbar;
•        Sacral (that is, the sacrum);
•        Coccygeal (in other words, the coccyx).

The first three segments form the movable part of the spine, the last two the fixed part. Without even being aware of it, we ask for our spine permanently. In the static position, first, the spine supporting both the weight of the head and that of the body, while ensuring postural support. With each effort or movement, then the joints and intervertebral ligaments are then mobilized.

Whether in its stabilizing or locomotor role, the spine is subject to daily mechanical constraints.


To preserve it, it is important to adopt a healthy lifestyle, which involves the regular practice of back exercises and stretching of the spine. The spine consists of a multitude of small bones called vertebrae. These bones connected to each other allow flexibility of the back either by movements of flexions or rotations.

The spine is the receptacle of the spinal cord allowing the transmission of orders from our brain to our muscles and unlike to trace the sensory information to our brain. It is this spinal cord that is also the guarantor of some of our reflexes. The important presence of nerve impulses throughout the spine, makes it very sensitive to the slightest shock or any deformation, even minor, hence the many back pains. These pains are often localized:

In the upper back, at the cervical vertebrae that support the head, allowing it to move, but it is also the closest part of the brain and therefore, the nervous system.

But especially, in the lower back, the lumbar vertebrae that allow nerve transmission in the lower part of the body and support the weight of the back when sitting in particular.

What exercises for the back and stretching of the spine?

As told by spine surgery hospitals in Delhi, it is important to have a good lap belt, the muscles of the lumbar, dorsal and para vertebral regions also play a vital role in the preservation of the back. It is by distributing the exercises around these three axes that one obtains the best results in terms of muscular reinforcement. The methods used must prioritize the substantive work for long-term effectiveness, and the static mode to limit the risks.

In standing, sitting or lying down, many stretches can be performed to prevent or relieve back pain. In most cases, it is advisable by spine surgery hospitals in India to stretch the entire posterior muscle chain: upper and middle back, lumbar, gluteal, hamstring and calf. To fully bear fruit, stretching should be done regularly, calmly, and at the pace of each. The goal is not performance, but wellness.