This type of diabetes is a disorder that appears for the first time during pregnancy, in women who have not suffered from this disease before, reaching in more than one pregnancy in some women. Gestational diabetes generally occurs in the middle of pregnancy, which is why doctors schedule studies between 24 and 28 weeks of pregnancy.
As told by gynecology treatment hospitals in India, this disorder usually occurs when a woman's body does not correctly manage the hormone insulin. The problem occurs when the body manufactures little insulin or does not take advantage of it as it should. The result of this imbalance in metabolism is that glucose accumulates in the blood.
Something usual in many Pregnancies
As during pregnancy the metabolic activity is increased, the body produces more insulin to maintain correct levels of glucose. But when this additional amount is not enough, the blood glucose levels rise abnormally. To date, no specific cause has been found to explain why gestational diabetes occurs, but speculation suggests that pregnancy hormones may be the culprits of reducing the ability of the body to use and respond to insulin.
What are the symptoms of Gestational Diabetes?
There are usually no obvious symptoms during gestational diabetes, as many women are treated for mild symptoms, usually. Because of this, it is necessary to perform a test to all pregnant women between week 24 and 28 of pregnancy to know if they suffer or not this condition.
This test is called "O'Sullivan test", is performed around the 24th and 28th week of pregnancy to all pregnant women, usually taking advantage of the blood analysis of the second trimester. This test determines the amount of venous blood glucose in the patient one hour after taking 50 grams of glucose orally. Also we leave a list of mild symptoms to which you should pay attention.
• Blurry vision
• Thirst and need to drink large amounts of water
• Increased urination
• Nausea and vomiting
• Weight loss
• Urinary infections
How to treat Gestational Diabetes?
The main purpose of gynecology treatment hospitals is to maintain blood glucose levels equal to that of pregnant women who do not suffer from gestational diabetes, always including diet and exercise as treatments.
A glucometer is delivered to the pregnant woman so she can perform the tests herself, by puncturing the fingertip with the device. It should be done between 3 or 4 times a day for the first weeks until the values begin to be within normal parameters.
What complications can it cause?
The work of controlling, on the part of women, gestational diabetes makes that most do not get to suffer serious consequences. Even so, it is important to name the complications that can cause both the health of the mother and the baby, if you do not have good control.
Complications for the mother:
• High blood pressure and as a consequence, pre-eclampsia.
• Future diabetes: You are more likely to have gestational diabetes in a future pregnancy and are also more likely to develop type 2 diabetes.
• Increased risk of complications in childbirth: cesarean section, instrumental delivery etc.