Endometriosis is a chronic disease, which consists of the appearance of endometrial tissue in any anatomical location different from its original location, which is the internal part of the uterus (endometrium). This endometrial tissue can be implanted anywhere in the human body, however, its appearance is more frequent in the uterine tubes, ovaries, vagina, rectum and pelvic wall or peritoneum.

The initial lesions have a red appearance, and over time they turn into black implants, which can even form chocolate-like cysts inside. In the same way, endometriosis can generate adhesions or flanges of the pelvic organs that is to say that they adhere with each other, generating pain and limitations of the normal function of these organs.

These injuries and adhesions can cause symptoms such as severe pelvic pain, heavy and painful menstrual periods, or difficulty in achieving a pregnancy.

It is important to clarify that it is a benign disease that is not related to cancer or another type of neoplastic disease, but it is one of the most frequent causes of pelvic pain and infertility. Hence the importance of discovering it in time and getting it treated in fertility Treatment hospitals, to avoid the appearance of the annoying symptoms that it can produce, as well as the interference that it can generate to achieve a natural gestation.

WHO AFFECTS AND WHY IS IT PRODUCED?

Endometriosis occurs mainly in young women who are in the reproductive stage and can affect 1 in 5 women in this age range. We can find it also, in about half of the women who have difficulty in achieving a pregnancy spontaneously.

The precise reason is not known. However, we know that some genetic and hereditary factors predispose some women to develop this disease.

There are many theories about its exact cause, but one of the most successful is the retrograde flow of menstrual bleeding; that is, the material that had to be expelled through the vaginal canal, returns through the uterine tubes, thus reaching the abdominal cavity and the internal pelvic organs.

It should be bear in mind that not all women who have this retrograde flow of menstrual bleeding, endometriosis and this may distort this approach a little.

Another critical theory seems to be based on the production of estrogen. These hormones are released mainly by the ovaries and are necessary for many of a woman's normal bodily functions. However, in some cases, these same estrogens stimulate the body's cells to generate foci of endometriosis.

WHAT ARE THE SYMPTOMS THAT MAKE SUSPECT ENDOMETRIOSIS?

The main symptom that a woman with endometriosis can present is intense pelvic pain.

As told by fertility treatment hospitals in India this pain becomes stronger during the menstrual period and at the time of sexual intercourse but may also manifest with pain in the rectum, bladder, back, and extremities. It is also common to find very abundant menstrual bleeding, however, in many women. The first manifestation is the difficulty to achieve pregnancy spontaneously.

It is important to know that not all women who present these symptoms have endometriosis, but it must be within the main diagnostic options.