The operation for gallbladder is also known as cholecystectomy. The gallbladder is a small organ which makes for the digestive system of the body albeit it is not essential for survival. A person usually has a cholecystectomy if they get gallstones, which are collections of hardened substances that form within the gallbladder. These stones are the primary causes of repetitive abdominal pain, inflammation, or infection of the gallbladder. Gallstones can also cause blockages in the duct of the gallbladder and the duct between the liver and pancreas. This can lead to further complications, such as pancreatitis or inflammation of the pancreas.

This surgery can lead to weight loss which may send a wave of concern but in reality, the gallbladder surgery in the laparoscopic surgery hospitals in India is bound to have the patient lose a certain amount of weight. This weight loss hardly has any bearing the general well being of the patient. There are several ways to counter this weight loss with the primary strategies being exercise and diet that can be used to make this short-term weight loss a more permanent change. If we are to decode the reasons for weight loss, the top being the side effects of the surgery:

·         The side effects of weight gallbladder surgery which can trigger weight loss are diarrhea, nausea, or vomiting.

·         Some people experience prolonged diarrhea after a cholecystectomy. In some cases, the doctors may find this to be inconclusive but there are indications that it may be the result of excess bile being present in the digestive system.

·         Some people also experience a decreased appetite for several weeks following surgery.

More facts on gallstones

Gallstones are to be treated immediately if they cause inflammation, blockage of the bile ducts, or if they have moved from the bile ducts into the intestines. The gallstones surgery known as cholecystectomy may be of open surgery type wherein a large cut in the abdomen is made. The patients going foe open surgery require a longer period of stay at the hospital. The gallstones have the probability of resurfacing even after a year of surgery. Hence, many people with gallstones are given ursodeoxycholic acid, which is the acid found in bile.

If the gallstone formation is built up with cholesterol, it can sometimes be slowly dissolved with ursodeoxycholic acid. This type of treatment, known as dissolution, may take up to 24 months to be effective. It is not as effective as surgery but is sometimes the only choice for people who cannot have a general anesthetic.

Lithotripsy is another process which comes into effect in gallbladder surgery. In this process, the ultrasonic shock waves are aimed at the gallstones, which break them up. If gallstones are small in shape and size, they can pass safely in the stools. This type of treatment is very rarely used and that too when the number of gallstones is limited. By and large the laparoscopic surgery hospitals in India have been conducting these surgeries using the minimally invasive surgical methods with less incision.