The tumor of the oral cavity, that is, of the mouth, can originate from the tongue, from the lips, above all from the lower one, from the back of the throat, from the tonsils, from the salivary glands, from the gums, from the palate, from the inner part of the cheeks and from that under the tongue. The formation on the surface of the mouth of a swelling that does not go away, of a white or reddish spot that does not heal or of a wound that does not heal are warning signs because they could be the expression of a tumor of the mouth or a condition previous to it.

oral-cavity-tumor

How do the ear, mouth, nose, and throat work?

In recent years there has been a decline in new cases of mouth cancer related to alcohol and tobacco in men, while in women there has been an increase. The language is the most frequently affected site; the malignant tumors lingual are 30% of all malignant tumors of the mouth.

The lip cancer is more common in men and develops, above all, in light-skinned people who spend a lot of time in the sun and pipe smokers. Lip tumors account for about 11% of new cases but are responsible for only 1% of total deaths. The average survival at 5 years after diagnosis is 50% (80-90% in cases with tumors circumscribed at the site of appearance and 19% in patients with diffuse tumors).

How does oncology work?

Mouth cancer is the consequence of a series of modifications of the deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) of the cells that form it; the latter, after such mutations, begin to multiply without control, thus creating a mass. Factors stated by cancer treatment hospitals in Indiathat increase the risk of developing mouth cancer include alcohol abuse, tobacco use, poor oral hygiene, Human Papilloma Virus infections and the presence of broken or chipped teeth or dentures.

Diagnosis

Mouth cancer, if recognized in advance, can be successfully treated with high healing rates. Diagnostic delays often depend on a tendency to neglect symptoms; this tumor is often confused with other more frequent but less serious diseases such as for example, dental abscesses. 

The symptoms of a cancer of the mouth include:

·        The formation of a swelling that does not heal,

·        The appearance of white or red spots on the surface of the mouth,

·        Constant sore throat

·        The fall of the teeth 

·        Jaw pain and stiffness 

·        Pain and difficulty during swallowing 

·        Pain and difficulty when chewing

·        A feeling of something in my throat 

·        Changes in tone of voice and difficulty speaking,

·        Unusual blood loss from the mouth,

·        Pain in holding the denture and loss of body weight.

It is therefore advisable to go to your consulted cancer treatment hospital in Delhi when one or more of these symptoms last for more than 2 weeks. Any suspicious lesion of the mouth must be subjected to biopsy, which is to say to a small portion of it which is then analyzed in the laboratory.