What are the ophthalmological emergencies? Certain symptoms must indeed alert and motivate a systematic consultation. Who to call? How do you take care of ophthalmic emergencies?
Some symptoms must alert because they are found in most ophthalmic emergencies. This is the case of a sudden drop in vision (on one side or the other), amputation of the visual field, or violent eye pain. Likewise, a vision that suddenly appears distorted, a double vision, must lead you to consult. This can be a sign of an ophthalmological or neurological problem. For example, a stroke or obliteration of the central artery of the retina is manifested by a sharp decline in visual acuity, including transient.
Another legitimate reason for consultation in the eye treatment hospitals in Delhi is eye trauma: any eye trauma with or without visual disturbances or pain is potentially serious until otherwise advised by a specialist.
Who to call in case of an ophthalmic emergency?
In all the situations mentioned above, you must immediately call your ophthalmologist or an ophthalmologist and consult. If consultation is not possible or if the practitioner is not available. It is better to consult for nothing than to miss a serious emergency. The most spectacular signs of appeal are not necessarily the most serious (and vice versa): a simple allergy (conjunctivitis) can be very troublesome but does not affect the future vision, for example.
What to do in case of acute glaucoma?
Although rare, acute angle-closure glaucoma (not to be confused with chronic glaucoma, which is common and corresponds to an increase in the tension of the eye) is likely to lead to the destruction of the optic nerve in a few hours.
The eyeball is an inextensible shell with a liquid. Physiologically, and thus normally, the liquid is evacuated through a filter: the trabeculum, and there is a balance between secretion and evacuation. But sometimes (because of the shape of the eye or a lens a little big), the pressure in the eye increases, and the fibers of the optic nerve suffer.
The symptoms are violent pains, red-eye, and sudden-onset vision disorders. In this case, no time to lose the direction of the hospital. Treatment is based on hypotonia medications and surgical treatment.
What to do in case of retinal tear?
The retina is located in the posterior part of the eye. It is the main seat of the vision. It lines the bottom of the eyeball and is mainly composed of photoreceptor cells. The visual information is then transmitted to the brain by the optic nerve, prolonging the retina. The detachment of the retina, often consecutive to a retinal tear, allows the liquid to pass under the retina and leads to the perception of bluish, luminous and fixed spots, or even lightning flashes.
There are certain risk factors:
From 40 years old;
In people with myopia (the higher the degree of myopia, the higher the risk increases);
If an eye has already been affected by retinal detachment;
After a cataract operation;
Following ocular trauma;
If the retina is affected by diabetes;
In the case of a family history of retinal detachment.