In the summer, the sun shines with great force; cardiovascular health can be affected; it is important to know measures to take in that time. Patients with cardiovascular diseases can more easily lose fluids than usual due to the abundant sweat, vasodilation occurs and can induce a slower circulation, affecting or decompensating cardiovascular health.
Moderate sun exposure: Although sunbathing is necessary to metabolize vitamin D, studies show that ten minutes is enough to do it properly so we should not abuse the sun and less during the hottest hours of the sun (11 at 5 pm).
Avoid sudden changes in temperature: It is also important not to subject our body to sudden changes in temperature, and a good way to avoid them is to avoid bathing in water with a temperature below 25 degrees.
Exercise only in hours of lower temperature: The exercise is advisable by cardiac treatment hospitals in India throughout the year, but in summer we all must exercise extreme caution. First, avoiding the hours of the day 's heat and, secondly, choosing sports less impact and allow the body to maintain a good temperature and fresh (like swimming), especially if you suffer from any cardiovascular decompensation. Patients with heart failure or other chronic diseases should avoid outdoor exercise in conditions of high heat and humidity at all costs because their heart has a lower ability to eliminate body heat.
Appropriate clothing: We already know about the importance of clothes for sports in summer. Fresh, comfortable and breathable clothing, but also hats or hats that cover our heads to the ears and covered footwear for walking on asphalt and cities.
Take care of your diet: We have also commented on the keys of the diet in summer, but for individuals with cardiovascular problems it is advisable to avoid excesses, diets focused on the same type of food (especially those rich in vitamin K, which reduce the effects of anticoagulants anti-vitamin K). Instead, it is advisable to bet on a varied diet rich in cereals, fresh fruit, bluefish, etc. (heart-healthy foods). Reduce or eliminate saturated fats, coffee, salt, alcohol, and, of course, stop smoking.
Hydrate abundantly: Anyone should take care of their hydration in summer, but for patients taking anticoagulants it is recommended consumption of between two and two liters and half of bottled water, the current (especially if traveling abroad) can cause diarrhea. In relation to excessive sun exposure, if we do not hydrate properly, severe hypotension or loss of consciousness may appear. So water, a lemonade, ice cream, and soda can help us. If diuretics are taken, extreme precautions should be taken, including checking the doses with the doctor or cardiac treatment hospitals, because they reduce the excess water in the body.
Healthy summer drinks: Within the importance of hydrating in summer, we found that there are certain typical drinks of this time that are healthy for the heart. The beer, for example, decreases the risk of developing cardiovascular diseases because it increases the good cholesterol and hops are antibiotics and anti-inflammatory effects, though obviously need to moderate consumption.