Radiotherapy is one of the 3 most commonly applied treatments in combination with chemotherapy and surgery in the treatment of breast cancer. Radiotherapy in the breast is used for various purposes, but the most common use is to irradiate the breast and armpit for adjuvant (reduction of cancer recurrence) after breast-conserving surgery. While the side effects of chemotherapy and breast cancer surgery are well known, information about the side effects of radiation therapy and how to deal with them is limited.
There are two main types of radiotherapy (radiation therapy):
External radiotherapy: This is the application of radiation therapy from an external machine to the breast and the surrounding tissue. It is the most preferred treatment method in breast cancer.
Internal radiation (brachytherapy): Cancer Treatment hospitals involve placing a tiny radioactive pellet/seeds into the body for a short time.
The correct treatment for breast cancer depends on many factors, including the type and health of the patient. Oncology treatment hospitals in India, along with the patient and relatives, will decide on choosing the best treatment for the patient.
Short-term/early side effects of radiotherapy in the breast
According to Cancer Treatment hospitals in Delhi, some of the common short-term side effects include:
• Skin changes
• Hair loss in the armpit or chest area
• Sore throat
What is done to reduce the side effects of radiotherapy in the breast?
The benefits of radiation therapy for breast cancer outweigh the risks, so feel free to take radiotherapy if yourdoctor deems it necessary.Adjuvant (preventive) radiotherapy usually takes 4-5 weeks after conservative breast cancer surgery.
The following methods will help you pass the radiotherapy period more easily:
• Continuing daily light tasks, however, having some caregiver assistance in some jobs can help reduce stress and fatigue.
• Using heating pads and ice packs can help a person cope with pain after radiation therapy.
• Wearing loose / tight clothing and applying moisturizer to the skin can help reduce discomfort caused by skin changes.
To reduce stress and fatigue, a person can try:
• Eating a nutritious diet with lean protein and lots of vegetables
• Doing light exercise every day, even if it is a short walk
• Regular massage
• Keeping a mood and symptoms diary
• Join a support group
• psycho-oncology experts in the field to get support from a psychiatrist or psychologist
It is very important to report any side effects to oncology treatment hospitals, especially if a person is experiencing it for the first time.
Physical Therapy Applied as A Supportive Treatment in Some Cancer Categories
Physical therapy is an important part of the treatment of brain, bone, breast, lung and larynx cancers. After the chemotherapy and radiotherapy treatment given to the patients, along with the problems in the respiratory system, support is received from physical therapy and rehabilitation treatment in fatigue and physical condition losses.
Recommendation for Anorexia and Weight Loss
Anorexia and weight loss may occur during chemotherapy and radiotherapy treatment due to taste changes, pain, constipation, depression, nausea, difficulty swallowing. If it is difficult for the patient to eat because of the wounds that occur in the mouth of the patient, it is suggested to swallow the food through a blender and preparing it as a puree.