We consult a traumatologist-orthopedist when we receive injuries or come up with complaints of pain in the joints and the spine. In this article, we will talk about diseases and problems of our musculoskeletal system. Why do our joints start to hurt? What help and treatment can you get in a hospital? What is endoprosthetics? How to choose the right shoes? What are orthopedic products?
Why joints hurt and how to treat them.
Now among the population, degenerative-dystrophic diseases of the musculoskeletal system are common: deforming arthrosis, osteochondrosis, to which older people more than 50 years are more susceptible. Unfortunately, at present many patients are treated by orthopedics surgery hospitals in Delhi in a neglected stage when surgical treatment is necessary, but more and more often young people of 30–40 years old and even 25 come. Long-term effects of injuries).
The etiology of arthritis is constantly reviewed. If earlier it was believed that the cause was age-related metabolic disorders in the cartilage tissue, now they are already talking about the inflammatory nature of the disease, so the treatment is carried out jointly with rheumatologists.
Treatment methods are varied. It all starts with conservative treatment. First of all, however, trite it may sound, overweight patients need to lose weight. The doctor also adjusts the mode of work and rest (load), because, say, long-standing or sitting in the same position is bad, as is hard physical labor.
Orthopedists prescribe physical exercise and physical therapy, as well as physical therapy: massage, heating, magnetic therapy, laser therapy, etc.
To unload the joints, it is recommended by orthopedics surgery hospitals in India to wear various devices- orthoses or bandages.
Very useful is the spa treatment in specialized institutions with mud, radon, or sulfur-hydrogen baths.
The next stage is drug treatment: patients are prescribed to take medicines for several months- drugs that improve the metabolic process in the cartilage tissue; nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory and analgesic drugs in various dosage forms for systemic and local action. With the ineffectiveness of these drugs, according to strict indications, hormonal drugs are prescribed. Sometimes they use the method of intraarticular injection of drugs that improve the regeneration, anesthetize, and normalize the circulation of the joint fluid - all this helps to slow down the process of destruction and deformation of the joint.
Many women after menopause due to hormonal changes develop osteoporosis, heredity is of great importance. Osteoporosis develops gradually and can lead to the same fracture of the femoral neck, neck, shoulder, forearm fracture in the area of the wrist joint, etc. To reduce the risks of bone fractures, a set of measures is used: weight adjustment, regular physical walks in the fresh air, sun baths to obtain vitamin D, calcium preparations, as well as drugs that prevent the active leaching of calcium from the bones. By the way, the body really needs vitamin D to absorb calcium.
There are no special diets for bones and joints- this is a myth. Of course, in osteoporosis, it is recommended to use foods with a high calcium content (dairy products, dried fish), as well as prescribe various medications. In general, nutrition should be balanced and healthy. And most importantly - you cannot overeat! There is nothing new or supernatural. By the way, cold beet and marmalade with gelatin have no effect on the cartilage tissue - this is also a myth.