Early intervention in neonatal and pediatric diseases is nowadays increasingly possible, both from a diagnostic and therapeutic point of view. Also in the field of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology, there has been a progressive refinement in the diagnostic and treatment techniques, favoring the less invasive and consequently the maximum tolerability on the part of the little patient.
In this sense, the pediatrician otolaryngologist figure plays a role of great importance in the early diagnosis and treatment of numerous syndromic diseases, congenital hereditary, malformative pathologies and expansive and inflammatory processes of the infantile age.
Through targeted screening and child audiology activities, the pediatric ENT specialist can identify early childhood hearing disorders and the associated learning and language disorders.
Historically, otorhinolaryngologists of ENT surgery hospitals in India have become involved in such a unique set of diseases because all these organs are anatomically connected, even if, at first glance, this is not obvious. For example, the inner ear is connected to the nasal cavity with the Eustachian tube. On the other hand, diseases of this zone are not always easy to diagnose and treat and require certain skills and tools.
Children's ENT, or otorhinolaryngologist, is engaged in the diagnosis and treatment of diseases of the ear, nose, and throat. Such pathologies in children are detected very often. ENT organs are extremely sensitive to negative environmental effects - temperature changes, bacterial infections. Also, between them there is a close relationship, so a harmless runny nose often ends with sinusitis or inflammation of the middle ear. Parents should understand that it is at a tender age that the risk of serious complications is especially great.
What diseases does an otorhinolaryngologist treat?
• Acute and chronic rhinitis, sinusitis, sinusitis
• Acute and chronic tonsillitis, pharyngitis
• Acute and chronic laryngitis
• Inflammation of the outer, middle and inner ear (otitis)
• Hearing loss (hearing loss)
• Surgically restores nasal breathing with a curvature of the nasal septum, hypertrophy of the nasal conchs, polyposis of the nasal cavity and its sinuses.
Diagnosis of ENT organs requires a rather subtle technique since it requires visualization of miniature structures of the ear, throat, and nose.
Indications for visiting the pediatric ENT
In the first year of life, routine examinations are required, which are carried out at 6 and 12 months and are necessary for the prevention of diseases and hearing. During the consultation, the children's ENT also provides recommendations on the hygiene of the ears and nasal cavity.
One of the most common pathologies of ENT organs in children is an adenoid overgrowth of the tonsils or adenoids. Adenoiditis is the cause of dysfunction of respiration and hearing, speech, cerebral circulation, infection of various organs. The child often suffers from a cold, has learning difficulties, and quickly gets tired.
Chronic violation of nasal breathing often leads to delays in the intellectual development of the baby due to insufficient oxygen supply to the body. Timely referral to an ENT surgery hospitals in Delhi will help to avoid such consequences.