This technique, which produces less pain has a better aesthetic result and allows the patient to reintegrate early to their usual activities.
The formation of stones is the most common pathology in the gallbladder and is associated with an increased risk of developing cancer. The treatment involves the removal of this organ; a surgery called cholecystectomy, which is currently possible with laparoscopy, minimally invasive technique that allows a faster recovery.
Other possible manifestations are feeling of abdominal distension and intolerance to high-fat foods. These calculations can also generate complications such as pancreatitis and cholangitis (infection in the common bile duct, which is a conduit of the bile duct).
The chances of developing this pathology increase with age. Other risk factors are being a woman, being obese, being pregnant, or in the puerperium stage.
What is cholecystectomy?
The diagnosis of gallstones is confirmed with an abdominal ultrasound done by laparoscopic surgery hospitals in India. The only definitive treatment is the removal of the gallbladder, the surgery that can be done laparoscopically, a technique that produces less pain, has a better aesthetic result and allows the patient to reintegrate early to their usual activities (after 7 to 10 days).
Laparoscopic surgery consists of making four incisions (from 5 to 10 millimeters), where you enter with a camera and surgical instruments to remove the gallbladder and its stones. In this procedure, the abdomen is inflated with gas in order to visualize the internal organs more easily.
Generally, after surgery, the patient can get up with help and drink fluids four to six hours later. When it comes to healthy people, usually, less than a day of hospitalization is required, however, this must be evaluated case by case, concludes the specialist.
Because of gallstones that are formed after 30 years, one in five who went to the hospital has an inflammatory process due to blockage of the gall channel. Stones in the gall bladder cannot lead to oncology, but due to gallbladder cancer, 70% of patients undergoing oncological surgery encounter stones in the gallbladder. Therefore it is considered that "there is a probability in 20-60 percent of cases of gallbladder cancer in which porcelain or calcified stones are found, and surgery is recommended for such patients, although they have no complaints.
Gallstones form as a result of the fall of the layers inside the bile. Most stones contain cholesterol. One stone may appear in the gall bladder, but there are also cases of detection of up to a thousand stones. Gallbladder stones are more common in bright women, in obese, in people who lose weight very quickly, in those who receive intravenous nutrition for a long time and in those who have undergone surgery to remove part of the stomach. There is evidence that this disease has hereditary factors.
There are various publications on reducing the likelihood of gallstones due to caffeine-containing beverages and alcohol. Stones of the gallbladder block the bile duct, preventing the release of bile, thus forming cholecystitis, that is, inflammation of the bile duct. The stones block the main bile duct, as a result of which jaundice develops due to the ingress of bile into the blood, then the pancreatic duct is blocked, and inflammation of the pancreas (pancreatitis) develops. In 60 percent of cases of the presence of gallstones, patients do not complain about anything. 20 percent of laparoscopic surgery hospitals in Delhi visits for gallbladder problems are associated with acute cholecystitis, i.e., inflammation of the gallbladder, which develops as a result of an instant obstruction of the canal due to a stone.