Did you know that the risk of stroke is heightened by poor oral hygiene? The link between stroke and oral hygiene is due to a bacteria called mutant streptococcus type contained in saliva. These inflammatory molecules, in fact, pass into the blood and influence the worsening of certain diseases. Specifically, we talk about the gums. What does gum health have to do with the heart?
The common factor is inflammation. In the case of gums, there are two types of inflammation: gingivitis, whose symptoms are pain, inflammation and redness of the gums; and periodontitis, more serious, which is the inflammation of the gums to the point where they separate from the teeth.
But do not wait until you have unequivocal symptoms to know that you have the disease. Many people who have a mild to moderate gum disease do not have any symptoms. So what is the relationship with heart disease? Inflammation is a leading factor in the process that causes the accumulation of fatty plaques in the arteries that feed the heart. These plaques cause blood vessels to narrow and harden.
As fat accumulates in the arteries, white blood cells are attracted to that area and form a key component of the plaques that can eventually clog the arteries and deprive the brain and heart of oxygen. Bacteria also play a role in heart disease. Several studies have found that the same bacteria that cause gum disease also cause heart attacks and heart attacks.
The gums are very vascular, so every time you brush your teeth, bacteria from the mouth can enter the bloodstream and cause inflammation. How does periodontitis increase the chance of having a stroke? According to dental Treatment hospitals, periodontal disease causes the release of substances from an inflammatory reaction in the body. In people who have cholesterol deposits in the arteries, what is known as atherosclerosis, it can happen that these plaques become vulnerable, that is to say, that they are no longer an integral thing but that they dismember and that generates cholesterol embolisms that travel through the bloodstream to the brain.
The consequence, then, can be an ischemic stroke, due to the obstruction of a cerebral artery. But the periodontal disease can not only be a risk factor for stroke. As there is a great association between gingivitis and periodontitis and cardiovascular health. And again, the bacteria present in the gum inflammation may be the protagonists of a complication, in this case, for the heart. These germs can pass into the circulation at some point, and they go to the heart, mainly to the heart valves, where they can produce a disease called bacterial endocarditis.
While dentists and cardiologists continue to discuss the relationship between gum disease and heart disease, the dental treatment hospitals in Delhi recommend that:
- People who suffer from heart disease and have any symptoms of gum disease visit the dentist.
- Dentists tell their patients with pyorrhea that they have a higher risk of suffering a heart problem or a stroke.
- People who have moderate to severe gum disease and a risk factor for heart disease, such as diabetes, consult a doctor.