Increasing incidence of kidney disease or renal failure causes millions of deaths annually. When the disease progresses with frequent urination, foaming in the urine, dry mouth, and severe headaches at night, it reaches the results that require dialysis treatment by kidney transplant hospitals in India. Not every diabetes or blood pressure patient will experience kidney failure, but it should not be overlooked that blood pressure and diabetes patients constitute the biggest risk group in terms of kidney failure.
Kidneys support many vital functions in the body
The kidneys not only produce urine in the body, but also play an essential role in the functioning of many vital functions, such as the activation of vitamin D, blood production and excretion of toxic substances in the body. Loss of kidneys by one or more of these functions is called chronic kidney failure.
Possible symptoms of chronic kidney failure are listed as follows:
· Diabetes patients whose blood pressure is not normally high will suddenly experience high blood pressure.
· Since the kidneys lose their function, blood cannot be produced and blood deficiency is seen.
· Bone metabolism disorder can be seen.
· Urine decreases.
· Body swelling appears.
· Dry mouth is experienced.
· There is an increase in urination at night.
· Fast fatigue is observed.
· Foamy urine appears
· There may be blood in urine.
· Severe headaches are experienced.
Not every chronic kidney failure patient is on dialysis
Kidney failure is basically divided into two groups. “Acute kidney failure” is a temporary impairment of renal function for correctable reasons. There is no problem in the kidneys, but the nephrons may temporarily fail due to a serious infection such as diarrhea, pneumonia, or some medications. Chronic kidney failure occurs as a result of irreversible loss of cells that function in the kidneys.
The degree of loss of function is important. When the function losses in the kidneys reach 85-90%, patients either undergo dialysis or transplant. However, patients with chronic renal failure, which are between 50-90%, can be followed in kidney transplant hospitals in Delhi without the need for dialysis.
The patient's current diseases are considered for transplant
Kidney transplantation is the most appropriate treatment for chronic kidney failure. If an incompatibility does not occur after the kidney is inserted, the patient can continue his daily life every 3-4 months, except for the controls and routine drugs. It does not prevent birth for women. It does not impede their work for men. However, if the patient does not have a suitable donor, they are written on the cadaver lists and during this period they undergo dialysis.
According to kidney transplant hospitals, the patient should not have cancer. If one or more of these diseases are present, a kidney transplant cannot be performed on that patient and continues his life by dialysis.
Recommendations for diabetes and blood pressure patients to protect their kidneys:
· The blood pressure patient's ideal blood pressure is 140-90. Even if the blood pressure rises once, especially at a young age; it should be investigated whether this is kidney originated or not.
· Salt should be consumed as little as possible.
· The ideal sugar of the diabetic patient should be 120. If necessary, insulin should be used or the dose should be increased.
· Weight should not be gained.
· Smoking should be avoided.
· People who have kidney disease, stone disease, kidney inflammation, infection attack or single kidney disease should be careful and not neglect their control.
· Attention should be paid to cholesterol.
· Plenty of water should be drunk.