Heart failure is a particularly serious condition: here are some tips to deal with it calmly

Heart failure is a set of symptoms and physical manifestations caused by the inability of the heart to pump adequate amounts of blood to the needs of the body, resulting in an accumulation of fluids in the lower limbs, lungs and other tissues.

Heart failure can occur at any age and can have several causes; generally develops following a cardiac muscle injury, such as a myocardial infarction or excessive cardiac stress.

When irreversible damage to the heart develops, the latter and the entire cardiovascular system adapt by implementing compensatory mechanisms; if even these attempts by the human body fail, chronic heart failure is established.

Symptoms of heart failure

The typical symptom of heart failure is dyspnea, which is a shortness of breath; generally, this occurs under stress, but, in the more advanced stages, even when the subject is at rest. This is caused by the progressive inability of the heart chambers to empty themselves effectively during contraction, causing a consequent accumulation of fluid in the pulmonary circulation.

Among the typical symptoms of heart failure, we also find fatigue or fatigue; it is very frequent, and it too is linked to a reduced function of the heart pump. To quantify the anxiety and fatigue of a subject, this symptom is classified according to its NYHA class:

·             NYHA I: the absence of the symptom both at rest and during an ordinary effort

·             NYHA II: breathlessness is absent at rest but is present in common activities

·             NYHA III: the symptom is absent at rest, but the subject is very limited in carrying out physical activity in daily life

·             NYHA IV: breathlessness is present both with minimal physical effort and at rest

Unfortunately, the natural course of the pathology is progressive, and the symptoms gradually become more and more evident up to induce the patient to carry out cardiological tests for illness. An accurate diagnosis of the problem by heart treatment hospitals in India is important, above all because it allows us to identify the precise causes. The therapy depends on the causes and can be pharmacological, medical, and surgical.

Heart failure therapy

Without proper therapy, heart failure has an extremely high mortality, affecting especially those with severe contractile dysfunction of the left ventricle, the elderly and those with other serious illnesses. However, there are some therapies thanks to which it is possible to cure heart failure; it is possible to do this through a program that associates drugs with a change in lifestyle and habits of the client.

The pharmacological therapy of heart failure by heart treatment hospitals in Delhi offers multiple therapeutic opportunities; in fact, the different classes of drugs available on the market act against some crucial mechanisms involved in the genesis of this syndrome.

Non-pharmacological treatment

To treat heart failure it is also possible to follow only a kind of behavioral therapy, which essentially consists of following a correct lifestyle, with eating habits aimed at reducing the intake of salt and fat, practicing moderate physical activity and having better control of cardiovascular risk factors (smoking, hypertension, diabetes, obesity and hypercholesterolemia).