It is a technique that is increasingly used, not only in gynecology but in all medical specialties. It has great advantages as you will see later. If you have been prescribed a laparoscopy, this article will give you the answers you are looking for and an overview of the technique.
Most of the time of a medical consultation in the public sector allows us to give a few explanations about the operations that surgeons are going to carry out.
What is a Gynecological Laparoscopy?
We will now distinguish between two types of surgical techniques when before going to operate a patient:
- Open or Conventional Surgery - Classic.
- Closed or Endoscopy.
Endoscopy means looking inside something. Laparo is abdomen. Therefore, doing a laparoscopy is to operate looking inside the abdomen but without opening it, making "small holes" between 5 and 10 mm.
In gynecology we do two types of endoscopies:
- Hysteroscopy: look inside the uterus
- Laparoscopy: look inside the abdomen
What advantages does a Laparoscopy have in place of open surgery?
Endoscopic surgery is also called "minimally invasive". Through small holes, gynecology treatment hospitals in Delhi introduce instruments, optics with a television camera attached and operate. The second great advantage, a consequence of the previous one, is that it favors early discharge. You will be at home in less than 24 hours in most cases. Postoperative discomforts are scarce.
In the hours and days following the operation, it is normal to notice abdominal discomfort and feeling of abdominal swelling, bladder pressure, etc. and you will think that doctors have left the air inside the abdomen. It's not like that. The gas used (CO2) is slightly "irritating" and the discomfort lasts about 3 days. For the same reason, it is normal to notice pain in the shoulder.
The incorporation to the work is very fast and, although it varies according to the cases, it can be of about 15 days on average. Think that open surgery generates losses between 35 and 45 days. These figures are approximate. The aesthetic results are very good since laparoscopy hardly leaves a scar.
How is Gynecological Laparoscopy performed?
Being a surgery requires that anesthesia is put in the procedure. In this case, it is general anesthesia, because surgeons cannot do it with an epidural since we "inflate" the abdomen with gas. Putting gas (CO2) creates a space that allows doctors to see the abdominal cavity inside and leave space to operate. Previously, you must save at least 8 hours of fasting before the operation. Remember that doctors use general anesthesia.
4 holes of between 5 and 10 mm are usually used, with very good posterior aesthetic results. Through them, doctors introduce an optical fiber with a television camera coupled and the necessary instruments for the operation: tweezers, scissors, electric scalpel, etc. All with very small sizes.
As the incisions are so small, you recover quickly and with very little postoperative pain.
What are the indications for Gynecological Laparoscopy?
In theory, today gynecology treatment hospitalscan operate almost any problem by endoscopy. In practice, it will depend on the technical means, the qualification of the medical personnel and the specific gynecological problem in question.
Surgeons can do a laparoscopy only for diagnostic purposes as in pelvic pain (patients with chronic pain). In most cases, doctors use laparoscopy to remove ovarian cysts, endometriosis, ectopic pregnancies, myomas, tubal ligation, remove a uterus, or in gynecological cancers.