Winter is here and with it, the cold comes! We all know the tips we should follow to protect our eyesight in summer but how do low temperatures affect our eyesight?
With the cold, tear production decreases, and with it the natural lubrication and hydration of our eyes. This can cause dry eyes that result in symptoms such as blurred vision, itching, burning, burning or the sensation of a foreign body in the eye.
In winter, as there are fewer hours of light and the intensity is not so high, we usually have the wrong idea that it is not necessary to protect our eyes from the sun during this time of year, which leads us on many occasions to suffer an overexposure to UV rays, especially in high mountain areas, strong wind, snow, etc. Under these more extreme conditions, burns may appear in the outermost structures of the eye, which can cause inflammation and redness, worsening these symptoms of dry eyes.
But the danger is not only in the open air, but high-heating environments also influence, as they cause the environment to be drier and the eyes suffer more.
Other risk factors that can make the situation of these symptoms worse are:
Certain diseases such as arthritis, lupus, thyroiditis, cirrhosis, skin diseases and certain infections.
Medicines such as anxiolytics, antidepressants, antihistamines, contraceptives, corticosteroids, b-blockers, post-menopausal hormonal treatment, aggressive treatments such as radiotherapy, acne treatment, etc.
To prevent any ocular complications in winter, we want to give you some tips suggested by eye treatment hospitals to avoid or reduce the symptoms of dry eyes. Take note!
Flashing often to encourage tear production in a natural way.
Protect your eyes with sunglasses, especially in situations of high UV radiation such as snow or high mountain areas.
Protect your eyes from the wind with glasses, whenever possible, to prevent the tear from evaporating too quickly.
Use artificial tears, avoiding eye drops containing corticosteroids or many preservatives.
Food also helps to alleviate dry eye syndrome, try to include fruits and vegetables in your diet, as well as fatty acids and omega-3.
Wash the eyes with physiological serum in the event that some foreign body enters and gently remove, avoiding rubbing.
Use humidifiers and regulate the heating, trying not to be too high.
It is convenient that, in any case, if we notice any of these symptoms, we should go to the eye surgery hospitals in Delhi so that they can assess your particular situation, assessing both your medical history and the state of your eyes through a complete eye health exam.
Dry eye syndrome
Dry eye syndrome is a chronic disease caused by a lack of sufficient lubrication and moisture on the ocular surface due to a decrease in the quantity or quality of the natural tear.
The symptoms it can cause are itching, irritation, gritty sensation, stinging, photophobia - excessive light intolerance, blurred vision, difficulty opening the eyes upon waking, tearing, and reflection in situations that aggravate the eye. Apart from the Environmental genetic factors, some medications or trauma can also trigger this medical condition.