Sports injury is synonymous with a professional athlete right from the time they train under grueling conditions. These injuries can be healed through a combination of casting or bracing and physical therapy. However, some of the injuries need the intervention of the orthopedics surgery Hospitals in India or else they can cast a threat on the career of the athlete. This is especially true when connective tissue is torn or bones are misaligned in a compound fracture—the type where the bone pierces the skin. To get more into the details, let's discuss the 5 common sports injuries that might require corrective surgery.

1.  Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL) Tears- ACL tears might require surgery to reconstruct the torn ligament. This is commonly done by using tissue from somewhere else on the knee to replace the torn ACL.

2.  Shoulder Dislocations- In a shoulder dislocation, the ball of the shoulder joint—the round top of the arm bone—falls out of the groove that lies in the shoulder blade (also called the socket). There are also shoulder subluxations, when the ball falls out of the socket only partially. Sports injuries are fairly common causes of shoulder dislocations or subluxations.

The symptoms of a shoulder dislocation or subluxation include:

·         Pain

·         Swelling

·         Bruising

·         Unsteadiness in the shoulder

·     Numbness, which is partial loss of sensation in a particular part of the body. There can also be tingling in the arm, hands, or fingers

The treatment has much of the focus on repositioning of the shoulder in its place. As a result, the relief from pain is immediate. Your child’s care provider also might put the shoulder in a sling, recommend rest, and prescribe icing down the shoulder several times a day. When the shoulder has started to heal and there’s less pain and swelling, your child’s care provider also might prescribe rehabilitation exercises. These can help restore muscle strength and joint mobility.

3. Meniscal Tears- Smaller tears on the outside edge of the meniscus might not need surgery. But if your child’s symptoms like pain and knee instability persist, surgery could be the best option. Meniscus repairs can be done arthroscopically, using a tiny camera and surgical instruments inserted through a small incision in the knee.

Generally, surgeons perform one of the following procedures:

·      The partial meniscectomy trims off the damaged meniscus.

·     The meniscus repair is the process wherein the surgeons stitch parts of the meniscus together. On a comparative basis, the recovery time is longer than meniscectomy.

4. Patellar Instability/Kneecap Dislocation- Surgery to correct a dislocated kneecap is usually necessary only when the patella continues to dislocate repeatedly or remains unstable even after non-surgical treatment—like physical therapy or bracing. There are different types of corrective surgery for patellar instability, depending on the cause of the condition. More often than not the surgery is centered on the reconstruction of the ligaments which holds the patella in place.

5. Severe Fracture- There is a variety of surgical options for fixing severe fractures. The treatment required depends on what bone is broken, the location of the break, fracture pattern and your child's age.