The liver is the largest internal organ in the human body that has weight up to 1.6 kilograms. It performs more than 500 functions and responsibility to produce over one thousand enzymes and proteins that are essential to remain healthy. Life without liver is a subtle thought. In ignorance, people do not care for their liver which causes liver damage. The shocking news is that more than twenty thousand people require liver transplant every year in India. Among them a maximum of one thousand people able to go through liver transplant surgery in liver transplant hospitals.
What liver does for us?
The liver is placed in the right upper abdomen which is just below the diaphragm. The liver does several tasks for our body such as:
· It converts food nutrients into enzymes, minerals, vitamins, hormones and other molecules which are the functioning key of the human body.
· It deposits molecules like glycogen, vitamins and minerals for the requirement of other body organs.
· Crumbling of harmful substances such as alcohol and poison into less harmful substance for our body.
· The liver produces bile which a fluid that helps in the digestion of fat and nutrients.
What Causes Liver Damage?
These factors are categorized into several parts:
Congenital Diseases: Some children born with congenital liver disease may need to visit liver transplant hospitals in Delhi on a later stage. A few common congenital diseases causing liver damage are:
· Biliary atresia: The rare disease related to liver and bile ducts found in infants. It can be seen in infants of age between 14 – 60 days. A liquid is produced by the cells called bile which gets blocked in this disease-causing liver transplant.
· Haemochromatosis: The inherited condition in which iron keeps accumulating in the body. This accumulation of iron is called overload. If not treated on time can cause damage of several body organs such as liver, heart etc.
· Wilson’s disease: It is a rare genetic disease in which the body could not excrete copper and it gets accumulated in the liver and brain leads to liver transplant surgery.
· Glycogen Storage Disease: It happens when glycogen stored in the liver in excess quantity. It is metabolic disorders occur due to deficiency of enzymes causing glycogen synthesis or glycogen breakdown in muscles and liver cells.
Acquired Liver Diseases:
· Alcohol-Related Liver Disease: If you drink alcohol in excess quantity, the chances are more that you will have damaged the liver. Drinking alcohol is not the only reason behind the alcoholic liver disease. Some other factors responsible for it are:
1. Gender: Women body process alcohol differently than men that’s why they are on high risk.
2. Obesity: If you are overweight and drink alcohol in excess quantity, you have more chances for a liver to damage.
3. Genetic Factors: These are also responsible for the development of alcoholic liver disease.
If your liver is already damaged because of the reason other than alcohol, then drinking alcohol will accelerate the process of liver decay.
Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease: Most of the medicines cause liver damage like paracetamol. You should check the dose and instruction before consuming. Many inhalants also cause liver damage.
Autoimmune Liver Disease: It is a symptom in which body itself produces inflammation against liver can make liver to damage.
Other Factors that are responsible for liver damage are:
· Drink alcohol in excess
· Intake of certain drugs in an excess amount
· Unclean eatables
· Use of shared needles for injecting drugs
· Exposure to blood products
· Genetic problems
Liver transplant surgery is not as easy as seen. One surgery needs many tests, precautions and a team of certified and experienced doctors. A list for liver receptor and donor is issued by liver transplant hospitals in India.