If we feel stressed, always tired and fatigued it could be the fault of a problem in the endocrine system, responsible for the good functioning of many vital organs and mechanisms in our body. It has an essential impact in the hormonal circulation and the regulation of energy balance, metabolism, mood, growth, and development, sexual functions, etc.
The endocrine system involves almost all organs and cells and interacts closely with other systems and systems. If our hormones are not well regulated, endocrine dysfunctions may occur: the most common is type 2 diabetes.
Obesity and type 2 diabetes
Type 2 diabetes involves around 382 million people worldwide, and obesity is an important risk factor for this disease, which is associated with various comorbidities such as cardiovascular, kidney and vision problems. Diabetes consists of insufficient insulin secretion by the pancreas or an abnormal body response.
Losing even just 5% of body weight can improve diabetes conditions in overweight or obese patients. Diabetes can be diagnosed by analysing the levels of hemoglobin A1C or HbA1c.
The impact of bariatric surgery on endocrine dysfunction
Bariatric surgery in India is a useful tool for those who are in conditions of severe obesity and cannot lose weight simply through diet, exercise and lifestyle changes. It is aimed at patients with a BMI (body mass index)> 40 or between 35 and 40 with comorbidity.
There are different types of interventions that can reduce the amount of food a person can eat or the calories they can absorb from food.
Bariatric surgery has a good chance of resolving or at least improving type 2 diabetes, and it is also able to improve other metabolic dysfunctions such as dyslipidemia, hypertension, and obstructive sleep apnea.
Polycystic ovary syndrome
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is one of the most common endocrine disorders among women of reproductive age. Women suffering from this disorder who undergo bariatric surgery experience an improvement in dysmenorrhea and hirsutism, symptoms of PCOS. This disorder is in fact extremely sensitive to weight fluctuations, and even a 5% weight loss can restore fertility.
Hypothyroidism is another common condition in which the thyroid is inactive and does not have sufficient hormone secretion. This condition, if left untreated, can lead to weight accumulation. The treatment consists in taking the thyroid hormones by the pharmacological route. Some studies show that this condition can improve with bariatric surgery, making it possible to eliminate or reduce drugs, but further research is needed on the results of different types of intervention.
Weight loss and the consequent endocrine improvement after bariatric surgery done by the best bariatric surgery hospital contribute to improving the quality of life and resolving various chronic diseases. Bariatric surgery is a powerful tool, able to encourage those who undergo it to undertake healthier life choices, and its benefits far outweigh the risks and side effects.